More on Climate Change

Written by Super User on . Posted in The Programs

Changes in climate have the potential to affect the geographical location of ecological systems, the mix of species they contain and their ability to continue providing the wide range of benefits on which societies rely for their continued existence. Available studies reveal that a sustained increase in mean ambient temperatures beyond one degree Celsius would cause significant changes in forest and rangeland cover, species distribution, composition, migration patterns and biome distribution.
The release of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) fourth report in 2007 confirms once again — with strong scientific consensus — that the global climate is changing, and that humans are causing and will be adversely affected by this change. The ability of ecosystems to provide the most basic types of services to humans, such as food and water, will be affected by climate change.
Agriculture, on which many African economies depend is under threat from climate change. There is no doubt that agricultural systems will therefore have to adapt as millions of people in African nations face a very real and direct threat to their food security and livelihoods. African nations need to urgently respond to the threat climate change poses to agriculture, agrobiodiversity and food security by institutionalizing the necessary adaptation and mitigation strategies.